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Parenting Styles and Their Influence on Adulthood

While there are several different parenting styles, they can be classified into four main categories: Responsiveness, Demandingness, Uninvolvedness, and Permissiveness. What are the effects of each style on your child? We’ll explore each in turn. You may even want to try a combination of different parenting styles to see which one works best for your family. Whatever your parenting style is, here are some tips to help you improve your parenting style.


The response of parents to children’s behavior has a profound effect on their child’s future development. Children who receive a responsive approach from their parents tend to be less likely to develop the risky behaviors associated with childhood obesity. Conversely, children who experience unresponsive parenting have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and early death. Additionally, responsive parents foster positive family relationships with their children. These relationships help children develop their social skills and develop their sense of self-esteem. Children who experience responsiveness from their parents are also protected from the negative effects of stress later in life, allowing them to become healthier and happier adults.

In contrast, authoritative parenting emphasizes strict discipline and assertiveness. Children raised by authoritative parents develop assertiveness, independence, self-regulation, and cooperative behaviors. In contrast, children raised by authoritative parents are less likely to exhibit problems related to depression, substance abuse, or social dysfunction. And because responsive parenting emphasizes acceptance of children’s needs, it is also less likely to result in problems.


The role of demandingness in childhood and adolescence is not entirely clear, but it can affect children in different ways, depending on the parents’ style of parenting. Positive demandingness, for example, involves reasoned guidance and empathetic explanations. It can also involve behavior monitoring and promoting autonomy for children. Children who were raised with demanding parents also tended to have more internalized problems and a low emotional quotient.


Parents who are uninvolved with their children may not give their children the structure and control they need to develop healthy and successful lives. Their lack of involvement may also contribute to mental health issues, substance abuse, and low self-esteem. Their children may also display increased likelihood of committing delinquent acts, including rape. These children may also exhibit lower self-esteem and experience frequent behavior problems, which can make them prone to depression, substance abuse, and alcoholism.

Parents who are uninvolved should recognize that their children are suffering from the effects of their lack of involvement and start making changes in their behavior. It may be difficult to do this, but acknowledging the problem is the first step. Do not hold grudges or blame yourself for your lack of involvement. Instead, make a decision to change the behavior that causes your children to be unresponsive and unhappy.

Studies have linked uninvolved parents to poor child outcomes. They also found a strong association between uninvolved parents and a higher risk of adult depression and externalizing behavior. Further, children raised by uninvolved parents report higher anxiety levels than their parents who were involved. However, the results were similar across the three parenting styles. Parents who were uninvolved as children did not foster their children’s self-esteem, which is associated with lower self-esteem.


One of the most common criticisms of permissive parenting is that it lacks discipline. However, there are some benefits to permissive parenting, too. Children who are warm to their parents are likely to develop stronger attachments and have fewer behavioral issues. They also tend to have lower self-esteem and anxiety than children of authoritative parents. The right mix of structure and flexibility is important for a child to grow up with good life skills.

A child raised by permissive parents has poor self-regulation and is less likely to express empathy. Moreover, they are less likely to be academically successful and are likely to engage in anti-social behavior. Similarly, children raised by permissive parents are twice as likely to be overweight than their peers. Permissive parents also tend to be less likely to discipline their children’s behavior.

While it is possible to teach kids to make largely responsible decisions, some studies have found that allowing children to run the show can have the opposite effect. When kids become too permissive, they are more likely to become compulsive and less able to control their behavior. While this approach may not be ideal for everyone, it has proven effective for children and adolescents alike. So, what’s the point of being permissive?

Baumrind’s typologies

Dania Baumrind developed a theory that categorized parenting styles into four distinct types. The authoritarian style is characterized by high demands and low responsiveness. Children of this style are expected to follow orders without question or explanation. Permissive parents are nurturing and are unlikely to establish rules. They are also prone to allowing their children considerable self-regulation, but fail to teach them the basic things that make a good parent.

When parents have different parenting styles, children may experience difficulties at different ages. Some children are tolerant and nurturing while others require more firm rules. Ultimately, most parents employ a combination of these styles. The four types of parenting styles influence the development of different traits in children. Understanding which parenting style is best for you and your child is crucial in determining how to raise your child.

Permissive parenting combines low demands and responsiveness. Children of permissive parents have few rules and tend to lack parental attention. These children have poor self-esteem and often show signs of unhappiness. However, uninvolved parents do provide some basic needs. Although uninvolved parenting can be a great way to raise a child, it is not the best way to raise a child.

Effects of authoritative style

One way to raise obedient children is by employing an authoritative parenting style. Despite the many benefits of this style of parenting, it is not appropriate for every family. Whether the child is raised in an authoritative or permissive home depends on several factors. For example, in Spain, children in authoritative homes tend to achieve as much in life as children in permissive families. But there are some disadvantages as well.

Researchers found that children raised in an authoritative parenting style had better adult outcomes than those raised in uninvolved parents. The results were not consistent across parental styles, but rather across different sex groups, races, and socioeconomic status. These findings suggest that the authoritative parenting style is associated with better psychological well-being and fewer depressive symptoms. Although these results are not conclusive, authoritative parenting is associated with greater psychological well-being and lower depressive symptoms in adulthood. Moreover, it is only beneficial for specific subgroups of adults. Whites and men are more likely to benefit from authoritative parenting.

Although the results of both studies were similar, there were significant differences between the two groups. Interestingly, adolescents raised by authoritative parents endorsed parental authority while those raised by indulgent parents didn’t. Authoritarian parents were less likely to raise children who developed a strong sense of autonomy. On the other hand, adolescents raised in uninvolved parents had higher levels of anxiety, stress, and depression.

Neglectful style on child wellbeing

The effect of neglectful parenting style on a child’s development is still disputed, but research has shown that an authoritative style can have positive effects on child wellbeing. Authoritarian parenting styles are associated with higher academic achievement, self-regulation, and overall emotional wellbeing. However, some studies have found that an authoritative parenting style is not as beneficial for children as neglectful parenting. In fact, some studies show that a child who experiences a neglectful parenting style has higher odds of developing depressive symptoms and other negative traits as an adult.

Children raised in authoritative families are less likely to develop negative traits and exhibit higher self-esteem than children raised in neglectful families. Adolescents who grew up in authoritative homes have higher self-esteem, are less likely to engage in drugs, and have lower rates of psychological problems. Neglectful parents, on the other hand, tend to engage in limited interactions with their children and rarely implement rules. The lack of involvement is often due to a parent’s own difficulties.

Using surveys of children’s wellbeing in Portugal and Spain, researchers found that an authoritative and permissive parenting style were associated with higher wellbeing scores. Neglectful parenting styles, on the other hand, were linked to lower wellbeing scores. Parenting styles are influenced by the cultural context in which the child grows up. These studies suggest that the authoritarian and neglectful parenting styles are most harmful for children’s psychological wellbeing.

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